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  Phylogenetics Laboratory

Exercise Two - Bible Phylogeny

Phylogenetics has turned out to have many uses. A recent one that has attracted attention is its use in analyzing the lineages of texts. Texts are very much like DNA or amino acid sequence data, which we will be dealing with next!


    We have partially aligned the sequences below for you, but you have leeway to change these alignments. You will also have to make decisions/rules about character states, such as rearrangements, punctuation, and word forms.

You may find the alignment easier on a word processor. The file has been uploaded to the course web page.

Genesis 1:3


  1. And  God said,   Let there be light:       and there was  light.
  2. Then God said,  "Let there be light!"      So  there was  light.
  3. Then God said,  "Let there be light";      and there was  light.
  4. And  God said,   Let there be light:       and there was  light.
  5. And  God said:             Be light made.  And            light was made.
  6. And  God said,   Let there be light:       and there was  light.
  7. and  God saith, 'Let          light be;'   and            light is.
  8. Then God said,  "Let there be light,"      and there was  light.
  9. And  God sayde:  let there be light,       and there was  light.
  10. Then God sayd:   let there be lyghte       and there was  lyghte.
  11. And  God seide,      Be maad  light;       and maad  is   light.

Bible Versions and Dates published for above passages

  1. KING JAMES VERSION 1611
  2. GOD'S WORD: The Bible for the Next Generation!
  3. NEW AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE 1971
  4. AMERICAN STANDARD BIBLE 1901
  5. DOUAY-RHEIMS 1609
  6. WEBSTER'S BIBLE 1833
  7. YOUNG'S LITERAL TRANSLATION
  8. NEW LIVING VERSION 1996
  9. MILES COVERDALE 1535
  10. WILLIAM TYNDALE 1530
  11. JOHN WYCLIFFE 1382

These links describe the history of Bible versions


You may find these useful in interpreting your phylogeny. Use other links as the interest moves you.

http://olc2.ohiolink.edu/db/bible-info.html
http://www.netministries.org/Bbasics/BBVer.htm


A similar exercise was conducted with versions of Chaucer's The Canterbury Tales
PDF file of Nature paper (Barbrook et al. 1998. The phylogeny of the Canterbury Tales. Nature. v394: 839.)



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