International Law


Biographical Information

Professor John Norton Moore

John Norton Moore is the Walter L. Brown Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law. He also directs the University's Center for National Security Law and the Center for Oceans Law and Policy, and was the Director of the Graduate Law Program at Virginia for more than 20 years. He is the author or editor of 25 books and over 160 scholarly articles and has been a Sesquicentennial Associate of the Center for Advanced Studies.

Professor Moore is an internationally recognized expert on international law and has taught and practiced in the field for over a quarter of a century. Viewed by many as the founder of the field of national security law, Professor Moore chaired the prestigious American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Law and National Security for four terms and served as Vice Chairman for Public International Law of the American Bar Association's Section of International Law and Practice. He served for two decades on the editorial board of the American Journal of International Law and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Law Institute, the American Society of International Law, the Order of the Coif, Phi Beta Kappa, Omicron Delta Kappa, the Board of Directors of Freedom House, and numerous other professional and honorary organizations. He has also been a Fellow of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars and an arbitrator in International Bank vs. Overseas Private Investment Corporation. Professor Moore has also served as a Lecturer in Law at People's University, Beijing, and as an observer of the Namibian constitutional drafting process on behalf of the Foundation for Democracy in Namibia. As Director of the Center for Oceans Law and Policy, Moore is also a co-founder with the Directors of the Aegean Institute of the Law of the Sea and Maritime Law, the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and the Netherlands Institute for the Law of the Sea, of the international Rhodes Academy of Oceans Law and Policy, which held its first session in Rhodes, Greece, during the summer of 1996.

In addition to his scholarly career, Professor Moore has a distinguished record of public service. Among six Presidential appointments, he has served two terms as the Senate-confirmed Chairman of the Board of Directors of the United States Institute of Peace and, as the first Chairman, he set up and ran this new agency for its first half decade. He also served as the Counselor on International Law to the Department of State (with rank of Foreign Service Reserve 1), and as Ambassador and Deputy Special Representative of the President to the Law of the Sea Conference, Chairman of the National Security Council Interagency Task Force on the Law of the Sea, and as a special counsel for the United States legal team before the International Court of Justice in the Gulf of Maine and Paramilitary cases (as a Deputy Agent in the Paramilitary case).

In the recent past, he has served as a Consultant to the President's Intelligence Oversight Board, the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, and the United States Information Agency. He has also been a member of the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, the United States Delegation to the United Nations General Assembly, the United States Delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the Presidential Delegation of the United States to observe elections in El Salvador. In 1990, he served, with the Deputy Attorney-General of the United States, as the Co-Chairman of the first United States-USSR talks on the Rule of Law (Moscow and Leningrad-St. Petersburg seminars). He also served as the legal advisor to the Kuwait Representative to the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission and as Legal Advisor to the Ambassador of Kuwait to the United States in the Gulf Crisis (1991-93).

Professor Moore is a recipient of the Hardy Dillard Award in International Law of the Virginia Bar Association, the George Washington Honor Medal of the Freedom Foundation, and is an honorary member of the Staff and Faculty of the Judge Advocate General's School of the Army, among other honors.