Oceans Law & Policy
Professor Stephen Macko
September 11 & 12: The Physical Oceans: Geography, Resources, and Oceanographic Processes
Dr. Stephen A. Macko is a Professor of Isotope and Organic Geochemistry in the Department of Environmental Sciences at the University of Virginia. His areas of interest include marine organic geochemistry, deep ocean communities, meteorites and the Origins of Life as well as K-12 education and outreach. He has authored over 250 refereed research papers and books; he was elected a Fellow of the Geochemical Society and of the European Association of Geochemistry in 2003 and is the Corresponding Education Editor for EOS. He received the All University Teaching Award at UVA and was a finalist for the State of Virginia Faculty of the Year award in 2007. Recent projects of his include studies on chemosynthesis at cold seep sites and hot vents using the Johnson Sea Link and Alvin submersibles for sample acquisition; interpretation of ancient human diet; tracking fires and aerosols from sub-Saharan Africa; establishing the geochemical conditions of the Earth prior to the origins of life and pioneering the broadcast of live interactive classes between Africa and the USA.
Professor Cameron Jefferies
October 3: Marine Mammal Conservation and the Law of the Sea
Cameron Jefferies is an Assistant Professor and Borden Ladner Gervais Fellow at the Faculty of Law and the University of Alberta. He researches in the areas of environmental law, natural resource law, ocean law and animal law and he recently developed a new JD course in sustainability law. He is also interested in public interest law and advocacy and is the founder of Fin Free Edmonton, a chapter of United Conservationists, through which he is pursuing shark conservation in Edmonton and elsewhere. He has published number of articles on international and domestic shark conservation and management and energy law and a policy paper in the area of physician health. Prior to joining the Faculty of Law, he articled at Field LLP and worked as a Research Associate at the Health Law Institute. He holds degrees from the University of Alberta and the University of Virginia, where he studied as a Fulbright Scholar. His Doctoral dissertation assessed the possibility of a new approach towards international marine mammal conservation.
Mr. Paul Reichler
October 23: Boundary Disputes
Paul Reichler is one of the world's most experienced and successful advocates before the ICJ and other international tribunals. He has represented sovereign States in international litigation and arbitration for 30 years, beginning in 1984 as counsel for Nicaragua in its landmark case against the United States. Among his accomplishments before the ICJ, he successfully represented Nicaragua against Costa Rica in the Navigational Rights case; Uruguay against Argentina in the Pulp Mills case; Nicaragua against Colombia in the Territorial and Maritime Dispute; and Ecuador against Colombia in the Aerial Spraying of Pesticides case. He is counsel in four current cases before the ICJ, including two maritime delimitation disputes (Somalia v. Kenya, and Costa Rica v. Nicaragua).
He has also represented States before the International Tribunal on the Law of the Sea and in international arbitration proceedings. He was counsel to Bangladesh against Myanmar before ITLOS, and has appeared in five arbitrations brought under Annex VII of UNCLOS, including for Bangladesh against India, the Philippines against China, Ghana against Cote d'Ivoire, Mauritius against the U.K., and Guyana against Suriname.He is a senior partner in the law firm Foley Hoag, which is based in Washington.
Professor James Kraska
November 20: Oceans Policy and the Navy
James Kraska is Howard S. Levie Professor in the Stockton Center for the Study of International Law at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island. He is also a Distinguished Fellow at the Law of the Sea Institute, University of California Berkeley School of Law and Senior Fellow at the Center for Oceans Law and Policy at the University of Virginia School of Law. He is also a Member of the Council on Foreign Relations and a Senior Fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute. Previously, he served as an endowed visiting scholar at Duke University Marine Laboratory and Fellow in residence at the Marine Policy Center, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His publications include numerous scholarly articles and books, including Maritime Power and Law of the Sea (Oxford) and co-author of the treatise, International Maritime Security Law (Brill).
Dr. Thomas Kitsos
December 6: Oceans Policy Processes and the Future of Oceans Policy
Dr. Thomas Kitsos is an ocean policy consultant and former Executive Director of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy. Dr. Kitsos was the Executive Director of the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy from 2001 to 2004 and retired the next year from a position in the National Ocean Service in NOAA. He was a consultant with the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative. His earlier experience includes six years at the U.S. Department of the Interior, serving as the Deputy Director and Acting Director of the Minerals Management Service. Prior to his tenure at Interior, Dr. Kitsos spent 20 years on the staff of the U.S. House of Representatives’ Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries. His last position with the Merchant Marine Committee was as Chief Counsel, advising the Chairman on national ocean and coastal issues, offshore energy development, coastal management, and environmental and other marine management legislation. Dr. Kitsos holds M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Political Science from the University of Illinois and taught at the University of Colorado.