Legal and Policy Issues of the Indochina War

Advanced Topics in National Security Law


Biographical Information

Professor John Norton Moore

John Norton Moore is the Walter L. Brown Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law, where he serves as Director of the Center for National Security Law, which he founded. For more than two decades he also served as Director of the Graduate Law Program at the University of Virginia. A former four-term chairman of the American Bar Association's prestigious Standing Committee on Law and National Security, he is the author or editor of 25 books and more than 160 scholarly articles. He has held six presidential appointments in government, including serving two terms from 1986 to 1991 as the first Chairman of the Board of Directors of the United States Institute of Peace. He has also served as Counselor on International Law to the Department of State, Ambassador to the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea, and Chairman of the National Security Council Interagency Task Force on The Law of the Sea. He has served twice as a member of U.S. legal teams arguing cases before the International Court of Justice. He served for two decades on the editorial board of the American Journal of International Law, and contributed numerous articles to the Journal and other legal periodicals on various aspects of the Indo-China conflict. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Order of the Coif, Phi Beta Kappa, and many other professional and honorary organizations. He also served as the Legal Advisor to the Kuwait Representative to the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission. With respect to the Indo-China War, Professor Moore has been actively involved with the legal issues of the conflict for nearly three decades and was the principal co-author of the lengthy legal brief on the conflict approved by the American Bar Association in 1966 and placed in the Congressional Record by Senator Javits. Professor Moore worked on the legal issues while Counselor on International Law to the Department of State, met with Congressional leaders on the issues, wrote the book Law and the Indo-China War which won the Phi Beta Kappa Award at the University of Virginia, was a principal figure in the national legal debate on the war, and editor of The Vietnam Debate: A Fresh Look at the Arguments (1990). Recently, he co-edited The Real Lessons of the Vietnam War: Reflections Twenty-Five Years After the Fall of Saigon (with R.F. Turner, 2002) and To Oppose Any Foe: The Legacy of U.S. Intervention in Vietnam (with R.A. Fisher and R. F. Turner, 2006).

Professor Robert F. Turner

Robert F. Turner holds both professional and academic doctorates from the University of Virginia School of Law. He co-founded the Center for National Security Law in 1981and has continued to serve as its Associate Director since then. During 1994-95, he occupied the Charles H. Stockton Chair of International Law at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, where he taught a seminar on "The Lessons of Vietnam." A former three-term chairman of both the ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security and the Committee on Executive-Congressional Relations of the ABA Section of International Law and Practice, he served extensively in Indochina between 1968 and the final evacuation in 1975: first as a journalist, then twice as an Army officer on detail to the American Embassy in Saigon, and finally while serving as national security adviser to a member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. In addition to travel through Laos and Cambodia, he visited 42 of South Vietnam's 44 provinces. In January 1973, while a Fellow at Stanford's Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, he appeared on the PBS series "The Advocates" to debate Vietnam (paired against first-term congressman Les Aspin). His 1975 book Vietnamese Communism was one of about two dozen books on Vietnam recommended in the Washington Post Book World in April 1985, and one of about a dozen books mentioned in an author's post script to President Nixon's No More Vietnams. Professor Turner has served as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Pentagon, as Counsel to the President's Intelligence Oversight Board at the White House, as Acting Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs, and as the first President of the U.S. Institute of Peace. Author or editor of more than a dozen books or monographs and many articles, he has testified before more than a dozen committees of Congress on various issues of international and constitutional law and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Academy of Political Science, and other professional organizations. Recently, he co-edited The Real Lessons of the Vietnam War: Reflections Twenty-Five Years After the Fall of Saigon (with J.N. Moore, 2002) and To Oppose Any Foe: The Legacy of U.S. Intervention in Vietnam (with R.A. Fisher and J.N. Moore, 2006).