War and Peace

New Thinking About the Causes of War and War Avoidance

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Biographical Information

Professor John Norton Moore

Prof. MooreJohn Norton Moore is the Walter L. Brown Professor of Law at the University of Virginia School of Law. He also directs the University's Center for National Security Law and the Center for Oceans Law & Policy and was the Director of the Graduate Law Program at Virginia for more than twenty years. Viewed by many as the founder of the field of national security law, Professor Moore chaired the prestigious American Bar Association's Standing Committee on Law and National Security for four terms. He is the author or editor of over 25 books and over 160 scholarly articles and served for two decades on the editorial board of the American Journal of International Law. He is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the American Law Institute, the American Society of International Law, the Order of the Coif, Phi Beta Kappa, and numerous other professional and honorary organizations.

In addition to his scholarly career, Professor Moore has a distinguished record of public service. Among seven Presidential appointments, he has served two terms as the Senate-confirmed Chairman of the Board of Directors of the United States Institute of Peace and, as the first Chairman, set up this new agency. He currently serves as a Member of the Director of Central Intelligence's Historical Review Board. He also served as the Counselor on International Law to the Department of State, and as Ambassador and Deputy Special Representative of the President to the Law of the Sea Conference, Chairman of the National Security Council Interagency Task Force on the Law of the Sea, and as a member of the United States' legal team before the International Court of Justice in the Gulf of Maine and Paramilitary cases.

In the recent past, he has served as a Consultant to both the President's Intelligence Oversight Board and the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. He has also been a member of the National Advisory Committee on Oceans and Atmosphere, the United States Delegation to the Conference on Security and Cooperation in Europe, and the Presidential Delegation of the United States to observe the elections in El Salvador. In 1990, he served, with the Deputy Attorney-General of the United States, as the Co-Chairman of the United States-USSR talks on the Rule of Law. He also served as the legal advisor to the Kuwait Representative to the United Nations Iraq-Kuwait Boundary Demarcation Commission.

Professor Robert F. Turner

Prof. MooreRobert F. Turner holds both professional and academic doctorates from the University of Virginia School of Law. He co‑founded the Center for National Security Law in 1981 and has continued to serve as its Associate Director since then, except for absences for government service. During 1994‑95, he occupied the Charles H. Stockton Chair of International Law at the U.S. Naval War College in Newport, Rhode Island, where he taught a seminar on the Lessons of Vietnam. A former three‑term chairman of both the ABA Standing Committee on Law and National Security and the Committee on Executive‑ Congressional Relations of the ABA Section of International Law and Practice, he served extensively in Indochina between 1968 and the final evacuation in 1975Cfirst as a journalist, then twice as an Army officer on detail to the American Embassy in Saigon, and finally while serving as national security adviser to a member of the U.S. Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. In addition to travel through Laos and Cambodia, he visited 42 of South Vietnam’s 44 provinces. In January 1973, while a Fellow at Stanford’s Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, he appeared on the PBS series “The Advocates” to debate Vietnam (paired against first-term congressman Les Aspin). His highly-acclaimed 1975 book Vietnamese Communism was one of about two dozen books on Vietnam recommended in the Washington Post Book World in April 1985, and one of about a dozen books mentioned in an author’s post script to President Nixon’s No More Vietnams. Professor Turner has served as Special Assistant to the Under Secretary of Defense for Policy in the Pentagon, as Counsel to the President’s Intelligence Oversight Board at the White House, as Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative and Intergovernmental Affairs, and as the first President of the U.S. Institute of Peace. Author or editor of more than a dozen books or monographs and many articles, he has testified before more than a dozen committees of Congress on various issues of international and constitutional law and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations, the Academy of Political Science, and other professional organizations.
He is a co-editor of both The Real Lessons of the Vietnam War: Reflections Twenty-Five Years After the Fall of Saigon (2002) and To Oppose Any Foe: The Legacy of U.S. Intervention in Vietnam (2006).