Old to New/Topic & Stress/Short
Identify/Generate the principle
Time: 20-30 minutes
After you've defined the principles of old to new, short to long,
and topic & stress, ask students to revise some icky sentences.
Remind them of some of the basic principles of revision: topics
should be short & simple & include familiar characters;
important, new information should move to the end of the sentence
(the stress position).
Share results as a class.
You can use the ones on the worksheet (good), sentences from readings
(better), or examples from your students' own writing (best).
Scroll down for worksheet and answer key.
these troubled sentences so that they are easier to comprehend:
make sure readers will be able to follow them, and will know
1. Introduction. The problem of two-phase solidification (melting
problem is mathematically analogous to the solidification problem
and it is sufficient to discuss here only the solidification
problem) in which solidification initiates at a point on the
the mold has not been studied earlier.
2. Despite the difficulty here of explicitly solving the complete
dynamic model (and to extract more explicit analytical results
from the solution of the system), economists must often rely
on some sort of simplifying dynamic assumptions.
3. And there is another reason historians of science have concentrated
on Darwin rather than Mendel. Hundreds of letters, both personal
and scientific, to scores of different recipients, including
leading scientific figures, illuminate Darwin's genius. Only
to the botanist Karl Nageli, and a handful to his mother, sister,
brother-in-law, and nephew, represent Mendel.
4. Some amazing questions about the nature of the universe have
been raised by astronomers as a result of the discovery of black
holes. The collapse of a dead star into a point perhaps no larger
than a marble creates a black hole. The fabric of space is changed
in profound and astonishing ways as a consequence of so much
matter compressed into so little volume.
5. The obligation of the Purchasers to repay the principal amount
and interest in accordance with the terms of the Note will be
guaranteed by Abco, and such guarantee shall be secured by a
executed in favor of Defco. The Security Agreement will constitute
a first charge on all of the assets and undertakings of Abco,
and will be subordinated only to security granted by Abco in
of the Bank in order to secure a maximum of $2 million of financing
in the ordinary course of business and the obligation of Defco
to complete the transaction will be subject to the Bank agreeing
to such terms.
6. The immediate revision of the management information system,
setting of goals and action plan development, implementation
of improved production scheduling techniques, and installation
an operator training program are all called for as a part of
the Harden Company's recovery strategy.
7. Details regarding the repair of tile drains that may be disturbed
during the construction process are also included in the construction
8. The U.S. Department of Energy estimates that if the economy
continues to expand at its present rate and oil stands at $20
per barrel, by 1995 the U.S. will import about 60% of its oil
At the time of the 1973 Arab oil embargo, when oil cost less
than $5 per barrel, the U.S. was importing just over 36% of its
If the nation's economy went into a tailspin in 1973, what havoc
could an oil embargo wreak in 1995?
Complete answer key coming in the fall of 03, we swear!
6. For the Harden Company to recover, the company must revise
the management information system, set goals and develop and
action plan, implement scheduling techniques to improve production,
and install a training program for operators.
7. During construction, the crew or machinery may damage some
tiles. The construction plan includes details about repairing