Identify/Generate the principle
Time: 20 minutes
After you've defined the principle of topic strings with the class,
ask them to identify the principle in some models. You can use
the models on the handout (good), in paragraphs you've pulled from
readings related to the theme (better), or in students' own writing
Scroll down for the handout and answer key.
a look at the topic sections of the sentences in these paragraphs.
What kind of topic string pattern does each author use: focused,
chained, or mixed?
1. The peculiarities of the plot, which centers on deviations from
the historical and biographical course, determine the overall uniqueness
in time in a novel of ordeal. Such a novel lacks the means for
actual measurement (historical and biographical), and it lacks
any localizing link to particular historical events and conditions.
The very problem of historical localization did not exist for the
novel of ordeal, because time in such novels is fundamentally psychological.
2. Sulphur dioxide emissions from the Drax power station amount
to 336,000 tons per year. These emissions can, however, be reduced
by two methods. Flue gas desulphurization (FGD) and fluidized bed
combustion can both reduce emissions to allowable levels. Either
method results in 90-95% sulphur removal. For example, emissions
at Drax are expected to fall to 33,600 tons per pear once the plant
is fitted with FGD.
3. Bicine is a potentially useful zwitterionic buffer for use in
biochemistry at the physiological pH range (6.0&endash;8.5)
because of its low toxicity. This organic acid has been studied
in aqueous systems using potentiometric pH titrations. In these
tests, Bicine has been found to have a second stage dissociation
constant, further suggesting its potential as a zwitterionic buffer.
4. The relationship between steam economy and the overall heat
transfer coefficient is shown in Figures 3 and 4. Both graphs show
that higher heat transfer coefficients reflect increased steam
economy. The steam economy, in turn, reflects the rate and amount
of water evaporated. These values are recorded in Table 2.
5. The light on Cephallonia seems unmediated by either the air
or the stratosphere. It is completely virgin, it produces overwhelming
clarity of focus, it has heroic strength and brilliance. It exposes
colors in their original prelapsarian state, as though straight
from the imagination of God in His youngest days, when He still
believed that all was good.
Key: 1. chained, 2. mixed, 3. focused, 4. chained, 5. focused